One misperception about technological change is that the people who lose their jobs are all in low-paid professions. While manufacturing employment has fallen due to automation, there are very low-paid, menial tasks that are next to impossible to automate (such as janitorial work) and high-paid professional fields which could see automation reduce employment (such as radiology).
The above table, listing professions based on their likelihood of seeing technologically-prompted job losses going forward, makes this point well. Yes, telemarketers and retail workers will see their jobs automated away. But so will technical writers and accountants, both solidly upper-middle-class professions. Even economists see a reasonably high likelihood of automation-caused job loss. Dentists and the clergy, however, are safe — for now.
Click “Know More” to read Ryan Avent’s excellent article on what we can learn from the last time automation disrupted the economy in a big way — the Industrial Revolution— and what is missing from the usual narrative about it.